The One Similarity Photocopiers Have With JPEG Image

Back during the good old days before the widespread use of the internet, photocopiers held a dominating lead when it comes to producing duplicates of pictures in a quick manner. The benefits of digital copiers were still the dependable solution for creating quality copies in a short amount of time. One of its problems, though, concerns quality. You see, when these machines make copies of photos, the overall quality that is produced is reduced. The effect is greatly amplified when a photo is copied many times over too. That’s the main reason why photocopiers have taken a backseat to various digital solutions out there right now. One such solution is taking photos from a digital camera and making numerous copies of its photos. The result from this process is called a JPEG file and theoretically, making multiple copies of these files wouldn’t compromise quality. But is it any better than the photocopier or is it actually worse? Let’s find that out.

 

First off, JPEG is an acronym for Joint Photographic Experts Group and it’s a form of digital photo compression. As I’ve said, these files came from a digital camera but it’s actually a watered-down version of the raw photo. This is done to limit its size and make the final version of the files more manageable to retain inside a computer storage system. As convenient as this format is, it’s not all great if you plan to copy it over and over again.

 

What Happens When You Copy A JPEG File Over and Over Again?

 

Just like the outcome when you use a photocopier, doing the same with JPEG files will also result in the same degradation of quality. This is true, especially if you choose to prioritize disk space over the quality of your digital image when you copy and save it in a photo editing software. That’s because your computer uses a different color space format, such as YCbCr, while digital photos use RGB. For starters, RGB has three 8-bit values consisting of Red, Green, and Blue. This color space format has a possible combination of 16.7 million colors  and possesses 256 various stages of intensity. Meanwhile, YCbCr uses a wider range of colors. Once a photo is saved by your computer’s software, it converts it to RGB and this is where quality is compromised. The process wherein image quality is slightly lessened is called chroma subsampling.

 

Now, if you decide to save a specific image over and over again, the process of chroma subsampling will also be done. This is called generation loss and quite frankly, it has the same effect a physical photocopier does to an image. Furthermore, continuous chroma subsampling will effectively lead to color bleeding, or an image gradually getting blurrier with each copy.

 

Better Formats Than JPEG

 

You might be asking, how about other digital photo formats? Well, as compared to other formats, the JPEG is already 25 years old as we speak. In comparison, the WebP was released last 2010 and BPG in 2014. Both of these image formats boast better quality and are resistant against color bleeding. That’s because they utilize bigger macroblocks which could store more data and has better compression. Even though they’re new when compared to JPEG, they are also much more susceptible to error. Just imagine, if a single small error is found in WebP and BPG files, it has the ability to spread faster and affect the whole photo. Don’t worry though because you just need to take good care of WebP and BPG images when you handle them in your computer, and you’ll be fine.

 

How To Solve Generation Loss

 

And now, here are the two solutions to image generation loss. First, you should use a better image format than JPEG, like TIFF. In this way, the file has more data in it. Even if you copy it many times over, they quality loss will still be smaller against that of a JPEG file. Second, the most obvious and easiest solution is to minimize your copy to at least one. Not two, not three, just one folks. If you maintain just one generation copy, you can be assured there’s not going to be a loss caused by color bleeding. Just do one of these tips and your images can withstand the test of time.

The Exciting World of Singapore Education

Singapore’s education system is one of the best in the world. Children taught to add sums mentally at 5. Like Cherlyn Lee, at 11 she won several awards at the mental arithmetic competition. (abc.net.au)

 

Do you want your children to start adding numbers at their early age? Or do you want your children to have a normal life like others?

 

Whatever it is you want for your children, it does not change the fact that Singapore education system is the best worldwide. This is according to the OECD-led study from May 2015. Singapore tops the performing countries in math and science followed by Hong Kong, South Korea, and Japan. (oecd-ilibrary.org)

 

The role of the parents is vital in your child’s education. Parents should know how the education in Singapore goes so they can provide the right support for their children.

 

The Education System in Singapore

 

The Ministry of Education (MOE) controls and manages the education in Singapore. It is known as one of the best worldwide because of MOE continuous effort. They focus on academics and on child’s strength and social skills as well.

 

The Stages of Education in Singapore

 

Just like in other countries, your children should attend Preschool first. In Singapore, children attend preschool until they reach the age of six. During this stage, the educators prepare them for primary school. Then, the children will move to secondary school. At this level, students can decide whether they will attend a normal secondary school, an express school, or a specialized school.

 

Preschool

 

Preschool has 3 stages the Playschool, Nursery, and Kindergarten. At this level, your children will learn the following:

  • They will develop basic language and writing skills.
  • Their social skills, physical activities, and creativity are also being developed.
  • They will also learn two languages most of the time English and either Tamil, Chinese, or Malay.
  •  

If you want to make sure that your children get the best preschool education in Singapore, check if the center is accredited according to the Singapore Pre-School Accreditation Framework (SPARK).

 

Primary Education

 

At the age of 7, children in Singapore will attend a primary school. The primary education consists of a 4-year foundation course and a 2-year orientation stage. The objective of this stage of education is to teach the children basic math skills, English language and improve their knowledge of their local language.

 

This stage differs in terms of the education program and other activities they provide. Assess your kid’s interests and determine if your preferred school matches these interests. Some schools concentrate on sports, arts, or social clubs.

 

Special Education for Special Children

 

They did not leave some children who have special needs. It’s because of this why some schools have put up special focus on children with special needs. Schools hire experienced teachers who are capable of dealing with children with minor learning disabilities.

 

The education system in Singapore is one of the best in the world. According to Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA), in 2015 Singapore does better than all other OECD countries in science. (oecd.org)

 

Parents should make some lifestyle changes to help their children cope up with their education system. The success of every child lies on the parents support.

Turning a Small Space into a Smart and Fully-Functional Home

You want to get rich but you have to pay the rent. How many of us have the same problem? Whether you just graduated from college and you’re working your way to independence or you’re just starting your own family, this will not be a strange question for you. For the most of us, we don’t have a choice but to stay in the city where there are job opportunities left and right, but rental fees are at their peak too. Sad as it may sound, it’s almost impossible to purchase your own house in these areas.

Expatistan.com records that the average cost of renting an 85 m2 apartment in Singapore is over 3,000 Singaporean dollars. That makes you want to ask if the streets in this job-rich country are safe enough to be your abode so you can just put up a bed on the side and sleep there after work.

Our advice: Less is more. Think of it this way, a smaller space may be challenging if you want to make it fully functional for your lifestyle, but it’s also easier to maintain. A 26 m2 apartment may be the only place you can afford, but hey, that’s not too bad. There are a hundred ways and more to make that space awesome and functional for you and your family.

Sofa Bunk Bed

Convertible. That’s one of the most genius home ideas humankind has come up with in the last decade. A sofa bunk bed is one of its by-products. This comfy sofa in the day can turn into a bunk bed that will give two persons a sound sleep at night.

Wall Bed

Quite a clever piece of furniture too! With a beautiful king-sized bed that you can fold into the wall during daytime, you can really save a lot of space without sacrificing the quality of your sleep. You won’t have any limitation as to the width of the bed because you can choose to extend it up to the ends of your entire wall! If that’s not an ultimate space saver, I don’t know what is.

That Small Home Office

Your bed is just too comforting to be the space where you will finish your weekend paperwork, right? Designer Brian Patrick Flynn shares how he turned a small space between two closets into a home office nook where you can concentrate, type comfortably, and put those take-home work to rest. If you think a home office is just too impossible to fit into your small space, Flynn will prove you wrong. What he did was to put a small desk horizontally in the middle, with a provision for a chair under. Then, he added some shelves above the desk where books and other items can be displayed. Sweet, right?

Curtain Divider

This idea is a product of creativity and logic. You need to divide a space into two rooms but there is not much space for a dividing wall? Then opt for a curtain! So simple yet so functional. You can choose a solid color so the other side will not be seen or a see-thru trendy type that allows for the light from one side to somehow light up the other. Absolutely up to you.

There really is no space that’s too small for a creative and smart individual who is dedicated to make his or her means sufficient for the lifestyle he or she chooses. Aside from the fact that you don’t have much choice, a smaller apartment or condominium unit will actually reduce your cost of maintenance and the time needed to clean up. It might also help you become more disciplined because you really have to move some furniture as you transition from day to night and vice versa. Who knows? This might actually bring your family closer to each other.

The Effects of Technology in Education and Business in Singapore June 6, 2017

Are you aware of what’s in and what’s out? No, we are not talking about the latest fashion. We are referring to what they call technology.

What is Technology?
There is no definite meaning for the word technology. The terms have various meanings depending on where you will use it. For instance, if you use the term technology in manufacturing, it may mean new equipment or machines. Also, if you use it in education, it means learning your lessons with the aid of a computer.
Singapore has faced a lot of changes in business and education because of technology. To cope up with it, the government and various groups in Singapore have worked together to find a way on how to use it to the fullest. You want to know the effects of technology in business and in education? We will give you some ideas on the impact of technology on both industries.
Effects of Technology on Education
Singapore is a country with high-quality education and is considered as one of the best in the world. They adopt the latest in technology to make sure their students will be one step ahead of the others. (championtutor.com)
Below are the effects of technology in education.
• It has made the learning process much easier and fun.
• Singapore was able to outperform other countries.
• Educators have made a notable shift in making curricula for schools.
Effects of Technology on Business
Singapore tops the World’s Most Tech-Ready nations. In line with this, the government has introduced innovations that the daily lives of their citizens such as:
• The use of mobile and cashless payments
• New ways of paying public transport like the EZ-Monzee
• Mobile access to your financial and personal information
Employees should be able to update their ICT skills so they can still be useful in their company. (enterpriseinnovation.net)
To attract more investors around the world, the government applied new initiative so they can be more virtually connected. In 2015, they launched $2.2 billion worth of ICT in data and web services and in IT infrastructure. They also invested in cloud computing to make the work more efficient.
In 2016, the Prime Minister announced that the government will spend $19 billion to finance the country’s R and D efforts for the next five years. The government’s Research Innovation Enterprise 2020 Plan targets to bridge the gap between research and solutions.
Today, the government aims not only to modernize businesses, but also the overall quality of life in Singapore. It is also important to recognize the effect of the $19 billion being allotted in ICT. The idea of adopting technology in every aspect of Singapore life will help companies accept the fact that technology is not only for one industry. IT is everywhere. Workers and organizations who want to become successful in the ICT driven nation should upgrade their skills to enjoy the benefits of the modern technology.